Tuesday, 21 September 2021

Deindustrialization, Mortality, and Fiscal Decline in the U.S.

WZB Talk by Rourke O’Brien (Online Event)


The decline of manufacturing employment is frequently invoked as a key cause of worsening U.S. population health trends, including rising mortality due to ‘deaths of despair’.

Increasing automation—the use of industrial robots to perform tasks previously done by human workers—is one major structural force driving the decline of manufacturing jobs and wages. In this study we examine the impact of automation on U.S. age-sex specific mortality between 1993 and 2007. We go on to examine heterogeneity in effects as a function of state public policy. Finally we provide preliminary evidence for a novel mechanism liking deindustrialization to population health: reduced government spending as a result of weakened local tax bases.

Rourke O'Brien is Assistant Professor of Sociology at Yale University, New Haven CT


Please note that this event takes place in English only with no translation.

The event is part of the WZB Talks series.

The WZB will record this event, which is carried out via Zoom. The audio recording will be separated from the video recording and published on the WZB website (https://www.wzb.eu/de/node/66702) in order to present the talk to an interested public. The video recordings are deleted after editing and are not passed on to third parties. If you participate in the event with spoken contributions, this information as well as the name you provided will be published. If you want to participate in the discussion without your contributions being published, you can use the chat function to submit questions.