With each passing day, it seems as if more public, academic, and policy attention is being paid to platform governance — the growing space of political interaction between platform companies (and their infrastructures, services, and rules) and the many other political stakeholders trying to shape how those infrastructures, services, and rules function.
Presentation by Ya-Wen Lei (Harvard University) - Online Event
This talk describes and explains the Chinese techno-state’s seemingly sudden turn against the internet sector that it once cultivated and held dear. I argue that a combination of domestic and international factors led to this regulatory shift and crackdown. Domestically, China’s financial regulators detected the crossing of two red lines—systematic financial risks and national security. Internationally, the geopolitical tensions between China and the US have further amplified national security issues.
This talk compares arguments for interventions in the digital platform market that envisage that a better ‘balancing’ of public and commercial values can be achieved with arguments for a deeper contestation with the underlying logics of data driven markets which might result in shifting the digital innovation trajectory. It suggests the need for a radical reframing of initiatives to govern digital technology innovation drawing on contemporary initiatives aimed at reducing the harms associated with commercial datafication.
Advocates of the platform economy present it as a new way of organizing work and value creation and as a fundamental and efficient alternative to the “old economy”. Traditional workplaces and employment are replaced by platforms organizing crowds of formally independent freelancers. There are huge platforms like Upwork which organize markets for freelancers in a large number of sectors. There are dedicated platforms which focus on specific markets. Companies like Uber or Deliveroo, for instance, offer mobility and transport services and compete with traditional transport providers.
Donald Trump's surprise victory over the Republican and Democratic political establishments in 2016 was the result of several factors, including structural trends in economic dislocations and electoral politics, along with deeply rooted ideological and cultural currents. This presentation will explore the degree to which Trump's electoral and governmental projects are a consolidation of right-wing politics and its appeals to white nationalism, xenophobia, and racial resentment, especially, but not exclusively, among certain sectors of white working class voters.
Tracy Corley, doctoral candidate in the Law and Public Policy program at Northeastern University in Boston, Mass. and guest researcher at the Institute for Skills, Labor, and Qualifications (IAQ) at the University of Duisburg-Essen and the Berlin Social Science Center (WZB), will present the progress of her doctoral study and current findings. Her research examines the effect of employment policy reform on social constructions of legitimate and illegal work in Germany.
Part-time employment has been increasing in many developed countries. In Germany as well as in Japan, the number of part-time employment has reached one fourth of all the employment, and almost half of the female employments, which means it became a substantial employment form in the society in both countries.
Digitization has become a catch word to describe the ongoing transformation within different areas of life through the deployment of new information and communication technologies. In the realm of labor, one development has been the reorganization of work through intermediary platforms and their digital communities, the so-called crowd work. Work – from microtasks to creative challenges – is outsourced to a crowd of individuals that is globally dispersed and internet-based.
From 4th to 6th April, the WZB is hosting the International Labour Process Conference. The annual conference is a major meeting point for the international research community interested in the developments and transformations of the worlds of work.
Innerhalb des aktuellen Diskurses um die Digitalisierung der Arbeit erscheint das Thema Industrie 4.0 als besonders technik- und ingenieurlastig und als eigenständig deutsche Erfindung. Der Vortrag wirft einen kritischen Blick auf diese vorherrschende Sichtweise, er gibt einen diskursanalytischen Einblick in die Ursprünge, Intentionen und Akteure sowie den Verlauf der Debatte.
Increasing labor unrest has provoked efforts to reform collective bargaining in China. This year the All-China Trade Union Federation (ACTFU) is launching a new campaign to set up trade union branches and to implement what is known as “collective consultation”, a less adversarial form of collective bargaining. Prof. Anita Chan discusses the reform efforts of the ACFTU and argues that fundamental preconditions for collective bargaining are still missing in China and that the ACFTU is still far from becoming an interest representation of the employees.