The Pegida Movement and Its Opponents in Germany: Evidence From a Protest Event Analysis
Right-wing populism (RWP) has been on the rise in many Western democracies. In addition to electoral victories, RWP movements have increasingly taken to the streets in demonstrations expressing anti-elitist and xenophobic sentiment. At the same time, civil society coalitions have mobilized against these movements. In this presentation, I summarize key insights from a project that aims at analyzing movement-countermovement dynamics in the context of the Pegida movement in Germany. Based on original protest event data for all major German cities between 2014 and 2018, I describe key features of Pegida protests (frequency, size, actors, and slogans), and I explore the effect of counter-mobilization on the Pegida movement. The results suggest that counter-mobilization does not prevent protest onset. However, large counter-demonstrations are associated with larger subsequent Pegida protests, and violence against Pegida supporters reduces the likelihood that they will stop protesting.
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