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A Responsive Technocracy?

EU Politicisation and the Consumer Policies of the European Commission
A Responsive Technocracy?
Author
Christian Rauh
Publisher
Colchester: ECPR Press 2016
ISBN: 9781785521270
314 pages, ISBN: 9781785521270
The book argues that the European Commission can no longer be treated as an insulated technocracy immune to public pressures. New data on the increasing public politicisation of European integration since the 1990s highlights that the Commission should nowadays be much more concerned about the immediate public appeal of its policies – even if this contradicts well-worn patterns of elite-driven regulation in Europe.

On the basis of first-hand insider accounts the book then compares 17 recent consumer policy initiatives. The Commission's policy choices indeed become more consumer friendly under higher levels of public awareness. While this promises more democratic quality, the book also reveals an enhanced conflict potential threatening the efficiency of legislative decision-making in the EU.

International Organization in Time

Fragmentation and Reform
International Organization in Time
Author
Tine Hanrieder
Publisher
Oxford University Press, Oxford 2015
ISBN: 978-0198705833
208 pages, € 66,95
International Organization in Time investigates why reformers often pledge to unify international organizations (IOs), but end up fragmenting them instead. The book reconstructs the institutional history of the World Health Organization (WHO) since its creation in 1946. It theorizes the fragmentation trap, which is both a cause and a consequence of reform failure in the WHO. A comparison between the International Labour Organization (ILO) and the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) illustrates the relevance of path dependence and fragmentation across the United Nations (UN) system. As the UN approaches its 70th anniversary, this book helps to understand the path dependent dynamics that reformers encounter in IOs.

Von Konkurrenz zu Arbeitsteilung

Komplexität und Dynamik im Zusammenspiel internationaler Institutionen
Von Konkurrenz zu Arbeitsteilung
Editor
Benjamin Faude
Publisher
Frankfurt/New York: campus
EAN 9783593503264
197 pages, € 39,90
Aus der Reihe Staatlichkeit im Wandel
The international system consists of a multitude of international institutions, whose competences frequently overlap without being embedded in a centralized structure. Whether this institutional complexity is conducive or detrimental to interstate cooperation is increasingly debated in the academic literature. By showing that overlapping international institutions tend to a functional division of labor, Benjamin Faude contradicts those speaking about a weakening of institutionalized cooperation through institutional overlap. In doing so, he introduces a theory that is able to explain the emergence of inter-institutional political order beyond the nation-state.

Which Policy for Europe?

Power and Conflict inside the European Commission
Which Policy for Europe?
Author
Miriam Hartlapp, Julia Metz, Christian Rauh
Publisher
Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press
ISBN 978-0-19-968803-6
368 pages, £ 55.00
The European Commission is at the centre of the EU political system. Within its five-year terms each Commission proposes up to 2000 binding legal acts and therefore crucially shapes the form and substance of EU policy, which in turn impacts on the daily lives of more than 500 million European citizens. However, despite the EU Commission’s key role in setting the agenda for European decision making, little is known about its internal dynamics when preparing legislation. This book provides a problem-driven, theoretically-founded, and empirically-rich treatment of the so far still understudied process of position-formation inside the EU Commission. It reveals that various internal political positions prevail and that the role of power and conflict inside the European Commission is essential to understanding its policy proposals. Opening the “black box” of the Commission, the volume identifies three ideal-types of internal position-formation. The Commission is depicted as motivated by technocratic problem-solving, by competence-seeking utility maximization or ideologically-motivated policy-seeking. Specifying conditions that favour one logic over the others, the typology furthers understanding of how the EU system functions and provides novel explanations of EU policies with substantial societal implications.

The Internet and European Integration

Pro- and Anti-EU Debates in Online News Media
The Internet and European Integration
Author
Asimina Michailidou, Hans-Jörg Trenz, Pieter de Wilde
Publisher
Opladen/Berlin/Toronto: Barbara Budrich Publishers
ISBN 978-3-8474-0153-7
250 pages, € 49,90
This book offers a wealth of original empirical data on how online media shape EU contestation. Taking a public sphere perspective, the authors highlight the myths and truths about the nature of audience-driven online media content and show how public demands for legitimacy are at the heart of the much-analyzed politicization of European integration. What EU citizens most intensely debate online are the fundamental questions of what the European institutions stand for and how they can be held accountable.

Drawing on innovative and rigorous analysis of online media ownership, journalistic content and online readers’ inputs, the authors piece together the components of the dynamic nature of EU contestation and the degree of convergence towards Euroscepticism across EU member states in the first years of the Eurocrisis.

Bringing Sociology to International Relations

World Politics as Differentiation Theory
Bringing Sociology to International Relations
(Eds.)
Mathias Albert, Barry Buzan, Michael Zürn
Publisher
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
ISBN 978-1107440135
292 pages, € 63,63
Functional differentiation has long been at the heart of sociological thought, and as such has become a defining feature in the evolution of modern society; one which distinguishes it from pre-modern societies which have instead typically differentiated by means of segmentation, or stratified social systems such as class. Drawing on the latest developments on differentiation theory in international relations (IR) and sociology, this book brings together contributions from leading IR scholars and sociological theorists to offer a unique interdisciplinary synthesis in which contemporary world politics is discussed as a differentiated social realm. Bringing Sociology to International Relations is a new resource for scholars and students which strives to respond to a significant question across all its chapters: What happens when this well-established sociological theoretical framework is transposed from the domestic level, for which it was originally designed, to the larger and more complex subject of international relations?

Contesting Europe

Exploring Euroscepticism in Online Media Coverage
Contesting Europe
Autoren
Pieter de Wilde, Asimina Michailidou, Hans-Jörg Trenz
Publisher
Colchester: ECPR Press
ISBN 978-1907301513
292 pages, 33,99 €
This book investigates the way politicians and citizens evaluate the European Union and the process of European integration in public debates during the 2009 European Parliament elections. It presents detailed and rigorous content analysis of online media where citizens directly and voluntarily respond to news stories posted by journalists. New evidence is presented about the dynamic nature of contestation about Europe on the internet and the degree of convergence towards Euroscepticism across EU member states. Such convergence poses new challenges for democratic representation in the EU and provides insight into the public basis for a legitimate European Union."

Sovereignty and the Responsibility to Protect

The power of norms and the norms of the powerful
Sovereignty and the Responsibility to Protect
Author
Theresa Reinold
Publisher
London: Routledge
ISBN 978-0-415-62629-3
200 pages, € 100,99
This book explores how the bedrock institution of today’s global order – sovereignty – is undergoing transformation as a result of complex interactions between power and norms, between politics and international law. This book analyzes a series of controversial military interventions into the internal affairs of “irresponsible sovereigns” and discusses their consequences for the rules on the use of force and the principle of sovereign quality. Featuring case studies on Kosovo, Darfur, and Afghanistan, it shows that frames from one discourse (for example the debate over the responsibility to protect) have been important into other discourses (on counter-terrorism and nuclear non-proliferation) in an attempt to legitimize a bold challenge to the global legal order. Although the “demise” of sovereignty as responsibility. Drawing on international relations theory, international law and sociology, Sovereignty and the Responsibility to Protect develops a truly interdisciplinary perspective on the transformation of sovereignty and will be of strong interest to students and scholars in these fields.

Rule of Law Dynamics

In an Era of International and Transnational Governance
Rule of Law Dynamics
Editors
Michael Zürn, André Nollkaemper, Randall Peerenboom
Publisher
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
ISBN 978-1-107-02471-7
396 pages, € 84,85
This volume explores the various strategies, mechanisms, and processes that influence rule of law dynamics across borders and the national/international divide, illuminating the diverse paths of influence. It shows to what extent, and how, rule of law dynamics have changed in recent years, especially at the transnational and international levels of government. To explore these interactive dynamics, the volume adopts an interdisciplinary approach, bringing together the normative perspective of law with the analytical perspective of social sciences. The volume contributes to several fields, including studies of rule of law, law and development, and good governance; democratization; globalization studies; neo-institutionalism and judicial studies; international law, transnational governance, and the emerging literature on judicial reforms in authoritarian regimes; and comparative law (Islamic, African, Asian, Latin American legal systems).

Die Politisierung der Weltpolitik

Umkämpfte internationale Institutionen
Die Politisierung der Weltpolitik
Editors
Michael Zürn, Mathias Ecker-Ehrhardt