Strategic and organizational development of Airbus Industrie
Airbus Industries is a distinctive case of a large and complex transnational enterprise that did not arise from one clearly dominant centre and origin in one country. It has been subject to pressures for both international concentration and integration, on the one hand, and conservation of national and local facilities and responsibilities on the other, responding to conflicting pressures for international efficiency and for the distribution of expertise across many sites in many countries. Furthermore, enterprise organisation has changed substantially over time. The study analyses such countervailing pressures, how they were resolved and kept Airbus from falling apart and helped it grow.